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Gross Motor Milestone (7-12 months)

7 months old

Sitting balance is improving. The child will be able to sit momentarily without arm support. In prone, the trunk extensors and upper limbs are strong enough to allow child to push his chest off the floor. He will be able to reach for objects with one hand, while supporting the weight of the upper body with the other.

9 months old

By 9 months old, the child will be able to sit independently on the floor for about 10 minutes or longer. Trunk control developed over months of practice enabled the child to reach for toys in sitting without toppling over. The baby will find transiting from lying to sitting a breeze. There will be repeated failed attempts to pull himself to standing. At this stage, the child may start to crawl, although some children do skip this milestone.

12 months old

Pulling furniture to standing and crawling are no longer a problem for a 12-month-old child. Other alternate ways to move around are by bottom shuffle or bear walk. The child will be perfecting his walking skills at this age. He will be able to walk with one handhold. The base of support may be large due to poor hip strength and balance. However, as the child practices, walking will be faster and steadier. This is the stage that parents will not want to miss as the child may initiate their first independent step at any moment.

– 7-12 months Gross motor milestone pamphlet

Disclaimer: The information and advice contained in or made available through this website is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace the services of a health professional or to be a substitute for medical advice of physicians.
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Gross motor milestones 0-6 months

Newborn

A newborn’s movement is controlled mainly by reflexes. The reflexes include asymmetrical tonic neck reflex (ATNR), Moro, rooting, sucking and swallowing reflex.

Due to the position in womb over 40 weeks, a newborn adopts a fetal posture. In lying, the arms and leg are held close to the body. On the tummy, the infant head is turned to one side, the buttocks are humped up and knees are flexed under the abdomen.

3 months old

The primitive reflexes are gradually disappearing while the baby gains more control over their neck and shoulder muscles. When lying on the back, the baby has enough neck strength to hold the head in midline. During pull to sit, there is little or no head lag. The baby is also beginning to understand his body, able move all 4 limbs symmetrically, bringing hands to midline for finger play. When lying on tummy, the baby can lift head and upper chest well off the bed, weight-bearing on forearm with buttocks flat on bed.

6 months old

Over the months, the baby has developed enough trunk and abdomen strength to roll from front toback and back to front. When lying on the back, the baby can raise his head to look at feet and bring the feet to mouth for exploration. At 6 months, the baby start sitting with support, balancing himself with his hands. When held standing, the baby weight bear well on both feet and bounces up and down actively.

 

 


– 0-6 month gross motor milestones pamphlet format

Disclaimer: The information and advice contained in or made available through this website is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace the services of a health professional/physiotherapist or to be a substitute for medical advice of physicians.
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