At 12 months
At 12 months, your child may take his very first independent step. Independent walking is a very important milestone. It represents a new phase of the child’s development, being independent from caregiver and able to explore new things on his own that used to be out of reach. With the new found skill, he will be a more confident baby. He will be constantly challenging his walking and balance skills on different terrians and falling occasionally. It is definitely alright to fall, as no baby can learn how to walk without falling.
As walking balance improves, your child will be able to multitask. He will be able to walk and hold his favourite toy at the same time. He will also be learning to lower himself from standing into sitting position with increasing control.
Your child has been perfecting the basic gross motor skills for the past 18 months and is now ready for more advance skills. He will be able to climb up the staircase with assistance, a step at a time. He will be able to kick a ball in standing, although with a poor sense of direction. He will be able to walk fast, and attempting to run. This is the age that you can introduce your child to a tricycle, or a balance bike.
18 months is usually considered the cut off month for a child learning to walk independently. If your child is still not walking independently at this stage, you may want to seek an expert opinion on your child’s motor development.
- Gross Motor Milestone Brochure
Disclaimer: The information and advice contained in or made available through this website is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace the services of a health professional or to be a substitute for medical advice of physicians.
A newborn’s movement is controlled mainly by reflexes. The reflexes include asymmetrical tonic neck reflex (ATNR), Moro, rooting, sucking and swallowing reflex.
Due to the position in womb over 40 weeks, a newborn adopts a fetal posture. In lying, the arms and leg are held close to the body. On the tummy, the infant head is turned to one side, the buttocks are humped up and knees are flexed under the abdomen.
3 months old
The primitive reflexes are gradually disappearing while the baby gains more control over their neck and shoulder muscles. When lying on the back, the baby has enough neck strength to hold the head in midline. During pull to sit, there is little or no head lag. The baby is also beginning to understand his body, able move all 4 limbs symmetrically, bringing hands to midline for finger play. When lying on tummy, the baby can lift head and upper chest well off the bed, weight-bearing on forearm with buttocks flat on bed.
6 months old
Over the months, the baby has developed enough trunk and abdomen strength to roll from front toback and back to front. When lying on the back, the baby can raise his head to look at feet and bring the feet to mouth for exploration. At 6 months, the baby start sitting with support, balancing himself with his hands. When held standing, the baby weight bear well on both feet and bounces up and down actively.
– 0-6 month gross motor milestones pamphlet format
Disclaimer: The information and advice contained in or made available through this website is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace the services of a health professional/physiotherapist or to be a substitute for medical advice of physicians.
What are developmental milestones?
Developmental milestones are important phases of a child’s life that mark his/her gross motor, fine motor, speech and social skills development.
What is gross motor skill?
Gross motor skills are skills acquired by a person to move their body, such as kneeling, transiting from sitting to standing, swaying a bat to hit a ball, running and jumping. It also involves trunk control and balance skills, preventing the body from falling during task such as walking, single leg standing and climbing stairs.
What is fine motor skill?
Fine motor skills are skills that involve precision to complete a task. Examples of fine motor skill are writing, buttoning of shirt and feeding.
Gross Motor Developmental Milestones
– 6 months – 2 years: coming soon (subscribe to Kids Home Therapy’s blog to be inform of the latest updates!)